The Jack Russell Pitbull mix is a crossbreed of a Jack Russell and a Pitbull, resulting in an endearing yet highly energetic dog that is adored by all who come across it.
The Jack Russell Pitbull is commonly known as the Jack Pit or Jackit, but for clarity, we will use the term Jack Pit in this article instead of Jackit, which may be confused with a piece of autumn clothing.
History and Where the Jack Russell Pitbull Mix comes from
The origin of the Jack Russell Pitbull mix is uncertain, and the production of the first litter remains unknown, although it is believed that they originated in the United States during the 1980s, and their original breeder and date of breeding remain a mystery.
Nevertheless, it is essential to note that the Jack Russell and Pitbull breeds have distinct origins and a fascinating past that can aid in comprehending this mixed breed.
Given that the Jack Russell and Pitbull breeds are both classified as terriers, it is worth examining the origins of this group of dogs, which can be traced back to their breeding in the British Isles.
Their original purpose was to track down rodents such as rats and small animals like foxes, which is why they were named terriers, derived from the Latin word “terra” meaning ground.
Terriers possess a compact body that enables them to burrow underground while pursuing their prey. They exhibit bravery and an intense desire to hunt. These traits make them ideal for managing vermin. Additionally, they are affectionate, lively, and playful, making them excellent companions.
Jack Russell History
Parson John Russell developed the Jack Russell terrier in Southern England during the 1800s with the intention of producing a breed that could assist hounds.
The terrier was responsible for driving foxes out of their dens, while the hounds pursued and captured them. Russell is credited with developing three distinct breeds: the Russell Terrier, the Jack Russell, and the Parson Russell.
While the Russell and Parson Russell breeds are recognized by the AKC, the Jack Russell Terrier Club of America requested that the breed not be registered, resulting in its lack of recognition.
The club believes that if the breed were to be registered, it would shift the emphasis towards their physical appearance as the breed standard, detracting from their working abilities.
Several breeds fall under the category of Pitbull terriers, such as the American Pitbull Terrier, American Staffordshire Terrier, Staffordshire Bull Terrier, and the American Bully. However, for the purpose of this discussion, we will concentrate on the American Pitbull Terrier since it is commonly referred to as the Pitbull terrier.
The Pitbull has its roots in England and is descended from the Olde English Bulldog, which was unfortunately used for the cruel sport of bull baiting, where the bulldog was pitted against a bull.
After bull baiting was banned in 1835, residents didn’t abandon blood sports entirely but shifted to ratting, which involved creating pits and putting dogs inside them with rats, and the dog that killed the most rats emerged as the winner.
Despite the fact that ratting did not necessitate the bulldog’s large size, it was still bred with the terrier to create what we now recognize as the Pitbull.
Aside from ratting, dog fighting served as a form of amusement, and due to its suitability for both activities, the Pitbull breed became increasingly favored.
Although these activities are now illegal, dog fighting continues to take place in secret in the United States, with Pitbulls being the most frequently used breed, resulting in an unwarranted perception of aggression.
Jack Russell Pitbull Mix Facts
The Jack Russell Pitbull Mix makes for an excellent companion as they are highly energetic and devoted to their owners. These dogs are typically small to medium in size and have a longer lifespan.
Jack Russell Pitbull Mix Appearance
It can be challenging to anticipate the physical characteristics of a Jack Russell Pitbull Mix since they will acquire some traits from both parents, but one parent’s features will be more noticeable than the other.
Similar to humans, a Jack Russell Pitbull mix can exhibit traits from both parents, but it’s common to notice resemblances to one parent over the other.
The Jack Russell Pitbull Mix is characterized by a sturdy and condensed physique. Its coat is short, just like its parents, and it usually has triangular-shaped ears that are folded.
Some Jack Russell Pitbull Mix may have a well-defined square jawline, which, combined with their robust physique, can give them an intimidating appearance.
The Jack Russell breed possesses a coat that is dual-layered, predominantly white in color with black or tan markings, while the Pitbull variety can exhibit a wide range of colors such as black, white, fawn, and gray.
Jack Russell Pitbulls have the potential to acquire their coat color from either of their parents.
Furthermore, the Jack Russell Pitbull Mix may exhibit distinctive nose coloring as a result of inheriting this trait from their Pitbull parent.
The Jack Russell Pitbull Mix with a red nose will also have red eye rims, lips, and paw pads, and their coat color may be fawn, red, or chestnut.
The Jack Russell Pitbull Mix, also known as the Blue Nose Jack Pit, will possess a nose that appears blue but is actually a shade of gray with a subtle blue hue. It’s worth noting that several dog breeds refer to this color as “blue,” not just Pitbulls.
Although their eyes are the only true blue feature, Jack Russell Pitbull Mix dogs are recognized for their remarkable sky blue eyes.
Usually, the coat of a Jack Russell Pitbull Mix is gray, although it can also be a faded brown color.
Jack Russell Pitbull Mix Price and Expenses
The typical cost of a Jack Russell Pitbull Mix is around $600 to $750, but if they have a Blue Nose or Red Nose, they may be pricier due to their rarity compared to other color variations.
Usually, Jack Russell Pitbulls that have bigger heads and bone structure tend to be pricier compared to those that have inherited the Jack Russell’s head and body type.
When opting to adopt a dog instead of purchasing from a breeder, anticipate an adoption fee ranging from $200-$500, which aids the organization in recovering their costs and providing ongoing care for dogs requiring assistance.
Dog Ownership Expenses
Acquiring a dog incurs expenses that go beyond the initial purchase, and it’s essential to consider the costs associated with owning a new dog.
Upon acquiring a Jack Russell Pitbull Mix, it is essential to schedule an initial veterinary examination, which typically involves administering vaccinations, especially for young dogs. The cost of this visit ranges from $320 to $480.
When getting a Jack Russell Pitbull Mix, spaying or neutering can cost between $300-$800, and most shelters mandate that the procedure is done before adoption.
If you want to ensure that you can find your Jackpit if they go missing, it may be a good idea to have them microchipped, which typically costs $80.
Providing a sleeping area for your Jack Russell Pitbull Mix, such as a crate or dog bed, can cost between $30 and $100, and you have the option to buy either one or both.
Additional costs at the beginning may involve purchasing food bowls, a leash, toys, and food, which usually amount to around $50 to $100.
After covering the initial expenses, there are additional costs involved in caring for your Jack Russell Pitbull Mix, such as dog food, routine veterinary care, and treats. The annual expense of owning a dog can vary from $400 to $3,000.
Jack Russell Pitbull Mix Rarity
Although the Jack Russell Pitbull mix is not rare, they are a recently developed breed and still not widely recognized, so locating them may require some effort.
Some Jackpits have uncommon coloring, making them rare.
Blue and Red Nose Jack Pit Rarity
The Red Nose Pitbull is considered the second rarest type of Pitbull due to its coloring being determined by a recessive gene, which requires the puppies to inherit two copies of the gene in order to display the same coloring.
When a Jack Russell is crossbred with a Blue Nose Pitbull, it results in the creation of a Blue Nose Jack Pit, which is considered to be the rarest color due to the presence of a recessive gene that dilutes their coloring.
Although they possess the genes for black coloration, a recessive gene is responsible for its manifestation as blue or gray.
Jack Russell Pitbull Mix Life Expectancy
The Jack Russell Pitbull typically lives for a considerable amount of time, with an average lifespan ranging from 12 to 15 years.
The reason for the Jack Russell Pitbull mix’s long lifespan is partly attributed to their parents’ longevity. The oldest Jack Russell Terrier lived up to 20 years before passing away in 2014, while Jack Russells typically live between 13-16 years and Pitbulls between 12-14 years on average.
Jack Russell Pitbull Mix Size and weight
The Jack Russell Pitbull Mix typically grows to a height of 14-17 inches and weighs between 30-45 pounds. It’s important to note that the size of the Pitbull parent can affect the size of the puppies, so larger parents may produce slightly bigger offspring.
At 18 months old, Jack Russell Pitbull Mix should have reached their maximum height, and by the time they are 2 years old, they should have achieved their full weight.
Jack Russell Pitbull Mix Health
Although Jack Russell Pitbull Mix can develop some health issues like any other dog breed, they are typically healthy and not susceptible to many health problems.
Due to being a mixed breed, Jack Pits are less likely to experience certain illnesses that are typical in either Pitbulls or Jack Russell Terriers.
Deafness is a common issue found in both Pitbulls and Jack Russells, which usually occurs from birth.
Spinal cord disease is common in middle-aged Jack Pits, which leads to loss of control over their legs, bladder, and bowels. Sadly, dogs diagnosed with this disease usually have a lifespan of 1 to 2 years and are often euthanized due to the poor quality of life it causes.
Pitbulls have a higher chance of developing Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA), which can lead to blindness. Although it is not painful for the dog, there is currently no cure available for this inherited disease, and it is possible for a Jack Pit to inherit it as well.
Glaucoma is a prevalent eye issue among Jack Russells, which results in the cloudiness of the eye lens due to its hardening.
Hypothyroidism is a disorder that results in abnormal thyroid function, leading to symptoms such as weight gain, sluggishness, and coat issues. Additionally, individuals with this condition may experience sensitivity to cold temperatures.
Pitbulls and Jack Russells are both susceptible to allergies, especially skin allergies, which can result in symptoms such as hair loss, frequent licking, ear infections, rashes, and itchy skin.
While all dogs can develop bloat, certain breeds such as Jack Russell Pitbull mixes are more susceptible to this condition.
Bloat is a critical medical condition that arises when the stomach’s gas gets trapped, leading to an increase in pressure due to the continuous build-up of gas during digestion.
Untreated, the pressure can lead to a twisted stomach, which is a life-threatening condition that can result in death within hours if left untreated.
Jack Russell Pitbull Mix Behavior/Characteristics/Temperament
Jack Russell Pitbull mixes exhibit a lively and frolicsome disposition, characterized by their amiable nature and cognitive abilities.
Jack Pit Aggressiveness
Pitbulls and Jack Russell Terriers are known for their aggressive behavior, with the former being bred for fighting, which resulted in a history of encouraging aggression towards other animals during breeding.
Nevertheless, it was not acceptable to have Jack Russells or any other dogs showing aggression towards their owners or humans, as such behavior was discouraged and often resulted in the dog being put down rather than bred. It is worth noting that Jack Russells are more predisposed to aggression compared to other breeds.
According to experts, the Jack Russell Pitbull Mix is generally well-behaved and safe, although they may have a slightly higher tendency towards aggression compared to other breeds. However, most of them are affectionate and non-threatening.
Playful and Protective
Since both Jack Russells and Pitbulls are known for their playful and protective nature, it follows that Jack Pits also exhibit these traits.
Jack Russell Pitbull Mix dogs tend to mirror their owner’s behavior. If you are relaxed, your pet will also be calm, but if you are anxious or uneasy, your dog may become worried too. These dogs have a protective nature and might display aggression if they sense danger.
Pitbulls are generally amiable towards unfamiliar people, except when they perceive danger. Conversely, Jack Russells tend to be cautious around strangers. Your dog’s behavior will hinge on your conduct and the characteristics they inherit from their progenitors.
Jack Russells have a tendency to bark loudly even with minimal provocation, while Pitbulls are not known for excessive barking. However, a Jack Russell Pitbull mix, or Jack Pit, may exhibit either excessive or minimal barking behavior depending on the traits they inherit.
If Jack Russell Pitbull Mix dogs are not given enough exercise or become bored, they can be destructive. Due to their heavy chewing habits, they have the potential to ruin items such as shoes and furniture.
How to care for a Jack Russell Pitbull Mix
Jack Russell Pitbull Mix can be wonderful pets, but they demand a considerable amount of effort. Their affectionate nature and abundant vitality make them extremely amusing and delightful to have around.
How much exercise do Jack Russell Pitbull Mixes need?
Jack Russell Pitbull Mix requires a minimum of 30 minutes of daily physical activity, although an hour of exercise is highly recommended for their well-being.
It is probable that your Jack Russell Pitbull mix will have a strong desire to continue playing even after you have stopped, but if they receive at least 30 minutes of playtime per day, their requirements should be fulfilled.
Insufficient exercise can cause Jack Russell Pitbull Mix to feel anxious and bored, resulting in undesirable actions such as excessive barking and chewing on objects.
Do Jack Russell Pitbull Mixes shed a lot?
Jack Russells are classified as moderate shedders, which implies that they do lose hair, but not to the extent of certain other breeds. On the other hand, Pitbulls have a short coat and tend to shed very little.
The amount of shedding in a Jack Russell Pitbull mix will vary based on the characteristics of its coat, with more shedding occurring if the coat is similar to that of a Jack Russell and less shedding occurring if it is more similar to that of a Pitbull.
Do you need to groom Jack Russell Pitbull mixes often?
Jack Russell Pitbull Mix requires regular grooming, especially during shedding seasons in spring and fall. Brushing them at least twice a week is necessary, and daily brushing may be required during these times.
Jack Russell Pitbull Mix breeds require regular baths, but excessive or insufficient bathing can lead to skin irritation due to their sensitivity. It is recommended to use dog shampoo specifically formulated for sensitive skin when bathing them.
Do you need to train Jack Russell Pitbull Mixes a lot?
Jack Russell Pitbulls necessitate a considerable amount of instruction due to their high energy and intellect, and without it, they are prone to developing behavioral problems.
To properly train your Jack Russell Pitbull Mix, it is recommended to utilize positive reinforcement techniques and avoid punishment, opting instead to reward them for following your commands.
Jack Russell Pitbull Mix can be strong-willed and dominant if not trained properly, so it’s crucial to establish yourself as the pack leader from the moment you bring them home.
Commence the training of your Jack Russell Pitbull Mix by initiating housetraining. After achieving success in this aspect, proceed to teach them basic commands. Enrolling them in obedience school is also an excellent alternative that can aid in their training and socialization with other dogs.
Jack Russell Pitbull Mix Diet
Jack Russell Pitbull Mix, also known as Jack Pits, require a diet that is rich in protein to maintain their active lifestyle. It is recommended to feed puppies small meals 3-4 times a day and switch to twice-a-day feeding once they reach 6 months of age.
Feeding Jack Russell Pitbull Mix once a day is recommended after they turn one year old, although it is best to feed them twice a day.
Susceptible to bloat, feeding your Jack Russell Pitbull mix 2 or 3 times daily can lower the chances of your dog developing this condition.
It is recommended to feed puppies with a dog food specifically formulated for their needs, and after they reach one year of age, you can transition them to a premium dog food that is either high in protein or intended for active dogs.
Are Jack Russell Pitbull Mixes good family pets?
Jack Russell Pitbull Mix can make great pets for families, but it’s important to note that they may not be suitable for families with young children due to their high energy levels. While they are generally calm and protective, their exuberance may be overwhelming for young kids.
Jack Russell Pitbull Mix dogs are known to be very affectionate and love interacting with all family members. Although they may need some time to warm up to everyone, once they do, they become fiercely loyal and protective.
Despite their high energy levels, Jack Russell Pitbull Mix dogs are known for being gentle with children and will often perform playful antics to get the attention of family members.
How do you buy a Jack Russell Pitbull Mix?
When it comes to acquiring a Jack Russell Pitbull mix, there are two choices available: adopting a Jack Pit or buying one from a breeder.
Adopting a Jack Rusell Pitbull
If you want to give a home to a needy dog, adopting a Jack Russell Pitbull mix can be an excellent option, although it may not be easy to find one at your nearby shelter.
It is important to note that the majority of dogs found in shelters are grown-up dogs, making it difficult to come across young puppies at these facilities.
If you are searching for a Jack Russell Pitbull mix, it may be beneficial to seek out shelters that specialize in either Pitbulls or Jack Russells as they may have a higher likelihood of having this particular breed.
Purchasing a Jack Pit from a Breeder
If you’re interested in getting a Jack Russell Pitbull mix, you can search for a breeder online, but it’s important to exercise caution as not all breeders are trustworthy.
Before deciding to adopt a Jack Russell Pitbull Mix, it is crucial to communicate with the breeder and inquire about the medical attention given to the puppies, including genetic testing and health certification.
It is important to inquire about the breeder’s beliefs regarding breeding Jack Russell Pitbull Mix. The primary focus should be on the health and temperament of the dogs rather than their appearance.
Finally, it is important to inspect the living conditions of both the Jack Russell Pitbull Mix puppies and their parents as it can serve as a reliable indicator of the breeder’s ethical practices.
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[Wikipedia] [Encyclopedia Britannica] [National Geographic] [cdc.gov] [Purina]